Access to Clean Water

Drinking water

Drinking water

Water from an improved drinking water source that is available at home, available when needed, and free from fecal and chemical contamination is preferred. Many international organizations use access to safe drinking water and safely managed sanitation facilities as a measure of progress against poverty, disease, and death. The access of every man, woman, and child to these services is also considered a human right, not a privilege. Although progress has been made in providing safe and sanitary drinking water to people around the world, billions of people still do not have access to this service daily.

Difference between improved and unimproved drinking water source

Access to drinking water around the world – in five infographics | Working in development | The Guardian

Improved water sources should, but not always, provide safe drinking water and include:

  1. Domestic piped water connection
  2. General standpipe
  3. Borehole or tube well
  4. Well dug
  5. Spring protected
  6. Rainwater collection
  7. Packaged or delivered water
  8. Sources of unimproved drinking water are:

Sources of unimproved drinking water are:

  1. He dug a well without protection
  2. Spring without protection
  3. Surface water (river, dam, lake, pond, stream, canal, irrigation channel)
  4. Water provided by vendor (cart with tank/small drum, tanker truck)
  5. Bottled water
  6. Water tanker truck

Clean water is important for us

Clean water is essential for drinking, sanitation, hygiene, and overall health. In this article, we will explore the critical importance of access to clean water, the existing challenges, and global efforts to ensure that everyone can enjoy this essential resource.

Importance of clean water:

  • Human health: Drinking Clean water is the basis of health. It prevents water-borne diseases such as cholera, dysentery, and typhoid that kill countless people, especially in developing regions.
  • Sanitation: Access to clean water is closely related to improving health status. Appropriate sanitary facilities reduce the risk of contamination and the spread of diseases.
  • Nutrition: Clean water is essential for agriculture and food production. Without it, crop yields will decrease and food security will be compromised.
  • Education: Children, especially girls, often spend hours of the day collecting water for their families. Access to clean water allows them to attend school regularly and break the cycle of poverty.

Challenges of access to clean water:

Lack of infrastructure:

Clean water and sewage infrastructure are insufficient or non-existent in many parts of the world.


Even where water sources exist, contamination from pollutants or natural sources can make water unsafe for drinking.


Those living in poverty often do not have the resources to access clean water sources or purchase water purification products.

Climate change:

Climate change can disrupt water supply through droughts, floods, and changes in rainfall patterns.

Global efforts to ensure access:

United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6):

The United Nations has recognized the importance of clean water and sanitation in its Sustainable Development Goals.

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs):

Various NGOs such as, Charity, Water, and UNICEF work to provide access to clean water and improve sanitation in vulnerable communities.

Government initiatives:

Many governments have taken initiatives to improve water infrastructure and water quality, especially in rural and deprived areas.


Access to safe and clean drinking water is a basic human right and the cornerstone of a healthy and productive society. While progress has been made, much work remains to be done to ensure everyone has access to safe and clean water sources. As individuals, communities, governments, and international organizations continue to work together, we can move closer to achieving clean water for all, improving the health, livelihoods, and overall well-being of people around the world. This is a challenge that requires global attention, commitment, and action.


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